Sugar In everyday speech, the word sugar is especially used for sucrose , which is produced industrially by beet or sugar cane . For cooking, sucrose is sold in the following variants:
History of sugar cultivation
Something grew reminiscent of sugar cane and sugar beet several thousand years before Christ. The sugar canes originate from different grasses that came from some small Pacific islands . The grass species were for approx. 8,000 years ago transported to China , Indonesia and India from these islands. About 1500 years ago, sugar cane and sugar were started in India. The name sugar also originates from India. In the year 714 , the Arab people took the sugar to Spain , and it spread from there to Italy . After Columbus discovered America in 1492 , the cane cultivation spread rapidly. It was discovered that the Caribbean was a perfect place to grow sugar cane due to the climate . The raw sugar ie Sugar, which has not yet been purified, was brought from the Caribbean to Europe , where it was refined, ie. cleaned and then sold. As the years went by, larger and larger amounts of sugar were produced, and it became more and more common, and gradually it was not only the rich who could afford to buy sugar. In the 17th century , most countries in Europe had colonies around the world, but there were some who had to do the work of cultivation, and it was the slaves who were transported from Africa to the colonies. In the 17th and 17th centuries, Denmark was one of Europe's largest sugar producers. Denmark owned the three islands of St. Croix , St. Jan and St. Thomas in the Caribbean , who had the perfect climate for growing sugar cane. One exported raw sugar to Denmark, primarily to Copenhagen . In the year 1798 there were 18 refineries in Copenhagen, which cleaned the imported raw sugar from the three islands. In the 1800s , Denmark had an annual production of cane sugar of 8000 tonnes, and today the annual production of beet sugar in Denmark is approx. 500,000 tons.
The sugar beet originates from wild plants. In prehistoric times , humans discovered that the animals roamed in the soil after some roots, and it was quickly discovered that these belonged to plants with large tubers that tasted good. They didn't know anything about the cultivation, so they just ate them and hoped that some new ones would come next year.
In the mid-1700s, in Europe, one started to experiment a bit with sugar juice from feed sugar beets. During the Napoleonic wars in 1803 - 1815 one could not transport raw sugar from the sugar canes to Europe, and this meant that a larger production of beet sugar had to be started here. It also meant that the price rose for sugar. When the Napoleonic wars were over, they began to import cane sugar, which was cheaper. But in France you were nervous about having sugar shortages again, so you continued experimenting with sugar beets. Before the Napoleonic wars began, slavery was slowly returning. In 1792 , the Danish king, Christian VII , issued a regulation banning slave trade in the Danish colonies, but the regulation should not enter into force until 1803 . Slavery would have to continue, but you just didn't have to get new slaves, but had to use the slaves who were there and those who were born there. The slavery was completely banned in 1848 . Denmark was not the only country that banned slavery. England banned it already in 1833 , while Brazil first did it in 1888 . But the liberated slaves now had to pay, and it became too expensive to grow cane sugar.
France had been experimenting with beet sugar all these years and had gradually improved the sugar beet so much that one could gradually get as much sugar out of a sugar beet as from sugar cane, ie. 17%.